Keragaman Kucing (Felis domesticus) di Bogor

Nama : Nanda Aditya G34102064
Pembimbing : RR Dyah Perwitasari Achmad Farajallah
Tanggal Lulus : 25-Jul-06
Judul Skripsi : Keragaman Kucing (Felis domesticus) di Kecamatan Bogor Tengah berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi
    Cat’s (Felis domesticus) Polymorphisms in Central Bogor Based on Morphological Characters.
Abstrak:
Karakter morfologi memberikan ciri khusus pada setiap kucing dan dapat menggambarkan karakter dari suatu populasi. Penelitian ini mempelajari mengenai 11 lokus yang mengekspresikan karakter morfologi, yaitu lokus w~W, o~O, A~a, B~b, C~cs~ca~c, Ta~T~tb, i~I, D~d, s~S, L~l, dan m~M. Karakter tersebut diamati melalui video dan frekuensi alel dianalisis menggunakan metode square-root. Keragaman kucing di Kecamatan Bogor Tengah dilihat dari nilai heterozigositas (h) dan heterozigositas rataan (H). Dari 11 kelurahan administratif di Kecamatan Bogor Tengah diperoleh 514 individu kucing. Pola warna Siam yang jarang ditemukan di Indonesia, terdapat pada Kelurahan Tegalega dan Gudang. Ekor pendek di Kecamatan Bogor Tengah memiliki nilai frekuensi yang tinggi seperti halnya pada kucing-kucing di Asia. Nilai heterozigositas (h) pada lokus w~W sebesar 0.7%, lokus o~O sebesar 43.2%, lokus A~a sebesar 49.9%, lokus B~b sebesar 31.7%, lokus C~cs~ca~c sebesar 9.7%, lokus Ta~T~tb sebesar 39.4%, lokus i~I sebesar 1.8%, lokus D~d sebesar 27.7%, lokus s~S sebesar 49.2%, lokus L~l sebesar 11.2%, dan lokus m~M sebesar 45.3%. Nilai heterozigositas rataan (H) di Kecamatan Bogor Tengah relatif tinggi, yaitu sebesar 28.2%. Hal ini disebabkan adanya karakter-karakter tipe mutan dari setiap kelurahan.
Abstract:
Morphological character gave feature characteristc on cats and it also could gave population description. This study aimed to determine variability among 11 loci that expressed morphological traits, there are w~W, o~O, A~a, B~b, C~cs~ca~c, Ta~T~tb, i~I, D~d, s~S, L~l, and m~M loci. There were observed by camera and allele frequencies were calculated by using square-root method. Eleven loci were screened to estimated level of heterozigosity (h) and average heterozigosity (H). A total of 514 cat images were collected from 11 admnistrative areas (kelurahan) at Central Bogor. Siamense pattern – which is rare in Indonesia – were observed at Kelurahan Tegalega and Gudang. Kinky tail traits at Central Bogor showed high frequency as noted in other Asian countries. Estimation of heterozigosity of each locus were 0.7% (w~W locus), 43.2% (o~O locus), 49.9% (A~a locus), 31.7% (B~b locus), 9.7% (C~cs~ca~c locus), 39.4% (Ta~T~tb locus), 1.8% (i~I locus), 27.7% (D~d locus), 49.2% (s~S locus), 45.3% (m~M locus). The value of average heterozigosity (H) in Central Bogor was relatively high. It was reached to 28.2%. The high level of average heterozigosity value were due to mutant character.

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